This is a list of modern French départements. Each overseas department is the sole department in its own overseas region (French: région d'outre-mer) with powers identical to the regions of metropolitan France. Departement (Frankrig) – en administrativ enhed i Frankrig. Residents commonly use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, for example, inhabitants of Loiret may refer to their department as "the 45". |< Start << -10 < -5 : zurück : Seite vor +5 > + 10 >> Ende >| Gehe zu Seite All five of France's overseas departments have between 200,000 and 1,000,000 people each, whereas Saint Pierre and Miquelon has only about 6,000, and the smaller collectivity unit therefore seemed more appropriate for the islands. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Alphanumeric codes 2A and 2B were used for Corsica while it was split but it has since reverted to 20. In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Most were named after an area's principal river or other physical features. Total number of deaths in hospitals or clinics from 1 March to 30 April increased by 16.8 % between 2019 and 2020. On 1 January 1968, Seine was divided into four new departments: On 1 January 1968, Seine-et-Oise was divided into four new departments: On 15 September 1975, Corsica was divided in two, to form. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Please expand this table to list all countries containing significant parts of the department. [7] This committee advocates, on the contrary, the suppression of the cantons.[7]. By 1793, however, the revolutionary government had turned the departments into transmission belts for policies enacted in Paris. Sègle I : en Mesoamerica, destruccion de la vila de Cuicuilco per d'erupcions dau volcan Xitle.Aquò entraïnèt de migracions importantas dins la region e veguèt Teotihuacan venir la ciutat pus importanta de la region dau lac Texcoco. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved, partly in order to weaken old loyalties. mi.). Before the French Revolution, France gained territory gradually through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. The overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was an overseas department from 1976 to 1985. Each department is administered by a departmental council (conseil départemental), an assembly elected for six years by universal suffrage, with the President of the Departmental Council as executive of the department. Eit departement vert leia av ein prefekt, tilsvarande norsk fylkesmann, og ei folkevald forsamling, conseil général.Departementa er gruppert i 22 regionar i sjølve Frankrike og fire oversjøiske regionar. Together with the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code FR, the numbers form the ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes for the metropolitan departments. They have nearly the same political status as metropolitan departments, although special constitutional provisions allow them greater autonomy and they are excluded from certain domestic statistics, such as the unemployment rate. Even Paris was in the department of Seine. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school (collège) buildings and technical staff, and local roads and school and rural buses, and a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. There are a number of former departments in territories conquered by France during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Empire that are now not part of France: Former departments of the current territory of France, Departments of Algeria (Départements d'Algérie), Departments of the Napoleonic Empire in Europe, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, List of French departments by population, area and population density, "La fusion département-région n'est pas à l'ordre du jour", "Les 20 propositions du Comité (20 propositions of the Committee)", List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Departments_of_France&oldid=995111989, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Meurthe ceased to exist following the annexation of. Where a Napoleonic department was composed of parts from more than one country, the nation-state containing the prefecture is listed. D'Seine-et-Marne ass e franséischt Departement, an der Regioun Île-de-France. Departments may be divided into arrondissements. As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency. (Mayotte only became a department after the election.). Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2004. [citation needed] They have inspired similar divisions in many countries, some of them former French colonies. E departement (neet te verwarre mit de Departeminte van Fraankriek) is 'n aafdeiling en 't waord wuuertj döks gebroek veur e bepaoldj gebiedsdeil in e landj of 'n aafdeiling van 'n verein of organisatie mit aan te duje.Zoea wuuertj de benaming in 't Belsj ouch in 't óngerrich gebroek veur 'n subfaculteit of universitair vakgroep. Each département is governed by an elected general council, which holds responsibility for local services, laws, and budget; an officer called a Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2011. Departement kan betyde: . The largest in area is Gironde (10,000 km2; 4000 sq. The number is used, for example, in the postal code, and was until recently used for all vehicle registration plates. The 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. With few exceptions, the departments had this role until the early 1960s. Département, largest unit of local government in France and in some former French colonies. The modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure. In continental France (metropolitan France, excluding Corsica), the median land area of a department is 5,965 km2 (2,303 sq mi), which is two-and-a-half times the median land area of the ceremonial counties of England and the preserved counties of Wales and slightly more than three-and-half times the median land area of a county of the United States. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections. English words for départements include department, county, division, branch, service, agency, desk and bureau. Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011.[2]. The removal of one or more levels of local government has been discussed for some years; in particular, the option of removing the departmental level. The départements were originally created in 1790. Divers Droite (DVD) = Independent conservatives. The capital of an arrondissement is called a subprefecture (sous-préfecture) or chef-lieu d'arrondissement. mi. The overseas departments acquired these additional powers in 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected regional councils and other regional powers; however, the term "overseas region" was only introduced with the French constitutional amendment of 28 March 2003. As of 2019, Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse are still administrative departments, although they no longer have the status of departmental "territorial collectivities": region and department functions have been managed by a "single territorial collectivity" since 2018. This video is unavailable. The overseas departments and regions of France (French: départements et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France that are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France.They have nearly the same political status as metropolitan departments, although special constitutional provisions allow them greater autonomy and they are excluded from certain domestic … Algeria became independent in 1962 while the others are still French departments. View Post Learn the translation for ‘departement’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Ledes af en departementschef. The departments are further divided into communes, governed by municipal councils. FRANKREICH FRANCE [1954] MiNr 1024 ( */mh ) in Europe > France & Colonies Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; however, regions have gained importance since the 2000s, with some department-level services merged into region-level services. This right was granted to French Polynesia by a 6 September 1984, law and to New Caledonia by the. info))) é a capital e a mais populosa cidade da França, com uma população estimada em 2020 de 2 148 271 habitantes em uma área de 105 quilômetros quadrados. Most of the departments have an area of between 4,000 and 8,000 km2 (1500 to 3000 sq. The re-organisation of Île-de-France in 1968 and the division of Corsica in 1975 added six more departments, raising the total in Metropolitan France to 96. Département is die naam van die (oorspronklik 83) administratiewe distrikte waarin Frankryk tydens die Franse Rewolusie ingedeel is.. Elke département was naastenby ewe groot en is verder verdeel in arrondissements en kantons.Aan die hoof van die administrasie was 'n prefek. 96 der 101 Départements liegen in Europa, die restlichen 5 sind Übersee-Départements (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Französ… By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. Unlike the rest of French-controlled Africa, Algeria was divided into overseas departments from 1848 until its independence in 1962. Originally, the relationship between the departments and the central government was left somewhat ambiguous. 26,3 Reading Note: total number of deaths in hospitals or clinics from 1 to 18 May decreased by 8.7 % between 2019 and 2020. In 2015, the Urban Community of Lyon was split from Rhône to form the Métropole de Lyon, a sui generis entity, with the powers of both an intercommunality and those of a department on its territory, formally classified as a "territorial collectivity with particular status" (French: collectivité territoriale à statut particulier) and as such not belonging to any department. The overseas departments and regions of France (French: départements et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France that are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France. The most populous is Nord (2,550,000) and the least populous is Lozère (74,000). Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2001. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Et gouf zesumme mat 82 aneren Departementer ënner der Franséischer Revolutioun, de 4. Likewise, the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, and a new Moselle department was created in the regained territory, with slightly different boundaries from the pre-war department of the same name. After the 1992 election, the left had a majority in only 21 of the 100 departments; after the 2011 election, the left dominated 61 of the 100 departments. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department. conseils généraux [plur.]). Mäerz 1790 op Grondlag vum Gesetz vum 22. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2015. The goal was for the prefecture to be accessible on horseback from any town in the department within 24 hours. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées (Bridges and Highways) infrastructure administration.[2]. In the overseas territories, some communes play a role at departmental level. The number of departments, initially 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. This was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. English words for département include department, county, division, branch, service, agency, desk and bureau. ## (see filename) in France as of Jan 2016. mi. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Départements were created during the French revolution in 1791. Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Články v kategorii „Departementy v Hauts-de-France“ Zobrazuje se 5 stránek z celkového počtu 5 stránek v této kategorii. [citation needed], The overseas collectivity of Mayotte held a referendum on 29 March 2009. France's earliest, short-lived attempt at setting up overseas departments was after Napoleon's conquest of the Republic of Venice in 1797, when the hitherto Venetian Ionian islands fell to the French Directory and were organised as the departments of Mer-Égée, Ithaque and Corcyre. [1] Diese sind in 13 Regionen (inkl. [1] Desde o século XVII, Paris é um dos principais centros de finanças, diplomacia, comércio, moda, ciência e artes da Europa. ## (siehe Dateiname) in Frankreich ab 2016. In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, and to transfer their powers to other levels of governance. The departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity; the title "department" is used to mean a part of a larger whole. ], conseils départementaux [plur.]). The Online Workouts Changing How You Get Active at Home The best at-home workouts to keep fit without the gym. The overseas departments get three digits. Watch Queue Queue. France is divided into 18 administrative regions (French: régions, singular région), of which 13 are located in metropolitan France (i.e. Gewoonlik kon elkeen van die bewoners die prefektuur binne 'n dagreis bereik. While citizens in each department elected their own officials, the local governments were subordinated to the central government, becoming instruments of national integration. Departement in Frankreich 3 W. Er läuft an mit dem Buchstaben D, endet mit dem Buchstaben h und hat 25 Buchstaben insgesamt. Since 1982, following the French government's policy of decentralisation, overseas departments have elected regional councils with powers similar to those of the regions of metropolitan France. Nancy is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.The metropolitan area of Nancy had a population of 434,565 inhabitants at the 2011 census, making it the 20th largest urban area in France. More distant departments are generally referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments. Savoy, during its temporary occupation, became the department of Mont-Blanc.[3]. Records are available in various archives centers located in each département (2nd copy) and in each town (archives are kept if the town has more than 2,000 inhabitants). The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle, Vosges and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. In 1922, it became France's 90th department. Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil départemental [sing. [5], In January 2008, the Attali Commission recommended that the departmental level of government should be eliminated within ten years. Säin Numm kënnt vun de Flëss Seine a Marne. Frédéric Lefebvre, spokesman for the UMP, said in December 2008 that the fusion of the departments with the regions was a matter to be dealt with soon. Département. These departments were supposed to be "assimilated" or "integrated" to France sometime in the future. [1] Each council has a president. Nekrolog François Furet (1927-1997) von Eberhard Weis, München. As of 2013, there were 36,681 communes in France. Of the votes, 95% were in favor of becoming an overseas department. A small part of Haut-Rhin however remained French and became known as the Territoire de Belfort; the remaining parts of Meurthe and Moselle were merged into a new Meurthe-et-Moselle department. The territories of the Republic of Venice were lost to France, becoming the, On 6 June 1805, as a result of the annexation of the, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 08:17. Istòria. The population of the city of Nancy proper was 104,321 in 2014. The prefect is assisted by one or more sub-prefects (sous-préfet) based in the subprefectures of the department.