Director D. W. Griffith, the top American filmmaker during the silent film period,[citation needed] was central to the development of film grammar, and producer/entrepreneur Walt Disney was a leader in both animated film and movie merchandising. The military operates about 800 bases and facilities abroad,[345] and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries. As an Allied victory was won in Europe, a 1945 international conference held in San Francisco produced the United Nations Charter, which became active after the war. [218] In 2008, 273 incorporated municipalities had populations over 100,000, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four cities had over two million (namely New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston). In 2019, all six branches of the U.S. Armed Forces reported 1.4 million personnel on active duty. [356] The imprisonment rate for all prisoners sentenced to more than a year in state or federal facilities is 478 per 100,000 in 2013. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. [374] Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany are its top trading partners. Of this area, 2,959,064 square miles (7,663,940 km2) is contiguous land, composing 83.65% of total U.S. land area. [355] According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the majority of inmates held in federal prisons are convicted of drug offenses. [294], The United States also observes tribal sovereignty of the American Indian nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency. [326], Taxation in the United States is progressive,[327][328] and is levied at the federal, state, and local government levels. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions, and corporate underwriting. 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[207] The country joined the Paris Agreement in 2016 and has many other environmental commitments. Einwohnern weniger als 5 %. [67], The Thirteen Colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia) that would become the United States of America were administered by the British as overseas dependencies. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. It is also one of the most racially and ethnically diverse nations in the world, often called a melting pot of cultures and ethnicities. By value, the United States is the world's largest importer and the second-largest exporter of goods. The United States has an established structure of foreign relations. Documents such as the Mayflower Compact and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut established precedents for representative self-government and constitutionalism that would develop throughout the American colonies. Europa este, convențional, unul dintre cele șapte continente.Este separată de Asia prin Munții Ural, râul Ural și Marea Caspică la est, și prin Munții Caucaz la sud-est. [403] Americans on average have more than twice as much living space per dwelling and per person as EU residents. Unofficial Page. A combination of court decisions and legislation, culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1968, sought to end racial discrimination. [311] Of state governors, there are 26 Republicans and 24 Democrats. Kleinste roter Punkt bedeutet Stadt mit einer … Tycoons like Cornelius Vanderbilt, John D. Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie led the nation's progress in the railroad, petroleum, and steel industries. [394], The rise of fascism and Nazism in the 1920s and 30s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and John von Neumann, to immigrate to the United States. [242], The United States had a life expectancy of 78.6 years at birth in 2017, which was the third year of declines in life expectancy following decades of continuous increase. Since the decision, however, there have been more than 1,500 executions. [d][177][178], The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. [348] Defense's share of the overall U.S. economy has generally declined in recent decades, from early Cold War peaks of 14.2% of GDP in 1953 and 69.5% of federal spending in 1954 to 4.7% of GDP and 18.8% of federal spending in 2011. [101], The United States fought Indian Wars west of the Mississippi River from 1810 to at least 1890. The singular form became popular after the end of the Civil War and is now standard usage in the U.S. A citizen of the United States is an "American". All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. Citizenship at Birth? "[352] In 2016, the U.S. murder rate was 5.4 per 100,000. Thomas Edison's research laboratory, one of the first of its kind, developed the phonograph, the first long-lasting light bulb, and the first viable movie camera. [445][446][447], The American Dream, or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants. [46] Even earlier, Christopher Columbus had landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage, and San Juan was settled by the Spanish a decade later. [71], During the Seven Years' War (1756–63), known in the U.S. as the French and Indian War, British forces captured Canada from the French. [29] This draft of the document did not surface until June 21, 1776, and it is unclear whether it was written before or after Dickinson used the term in his June 17 draft of the Articles of Confederation.[29]. Blacks faced racial segregation, especially in the South. Datasets in use. [409] The top one percent of income-earners accounted for 52 percent of the income gains from 2009 to 2015, where income is defined as market income excluding government transfers. African Americans constitute the nation's largest racial minority and third-largest ancestry group, and are around 13% of the total U.S. [213] The United States has a very diverse population; 37 ancestry groups have more than one million members. [278][279], The United States is a federal republic of 50 states, a federal district, five territories and several uninhabited island possessions. USA, Amerika, Bevölkerung Dichte=Einwohner/km². [h] At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million square kilometers), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. ALLE EINWOHNER EUROPAS. [340], The president is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. "[29] The final version of the Articles, sent to the states for ratification in late 1777, stated that "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America'. ", "The U.S. Just Officially Left the Paris Agreement. [225] Three states and four U.S. territories have recognized local or indigenous languages in addition to English, including Hawaii (Hawaiian),[226] Alaska (twenty Native languages),[227][i] South Dakota (Sioux),[228] American Samoa (Samoan), Puerto Rico (Spanish), Guam (Chamorro), and the Northern Mariana Islands (Carolinian and Chamorro). Europa are deschidere, în nord, la Oceanul Arctic, în vest la Oceanul Atlantic, în sud la Marea Mediterană, iar în sud-est la Marea Neagră și la căile ei de legătură spre Marea Mediterană. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in various proxy wars but avoided direct military conflict. [53] Natives taught many settlers to cultivate corn, beans, and other foodstuffs. Obwohl es geographisch gesehen nur ein Subkontinent ist, der mit Asien zusammen den Kontinent Eurasien bildet, wird es historisch und kulturell begründet oft als eigenständiger Kontinent betrachtet. [359][360][361] In 2019, the country had the sixth-highest number of executions in the world, following China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Egypt. [304] For elective offices at most levels, state-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. Then, as the rest of modern-day Europe started to have cities and empires, the entire area West of the Ural Mountains came to be called "Europa". [190], The U.S. ecology is megadiverse: about 17,000 species of vascular plants occur in the contiguous United States and Alaska, and more than 1,800 species of flowering plants are found in Hawaii, few of which occur on the mainland. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). The supervolcano underlying Yellowstone National Park in the Rockies is the continent's largest volcanic feature. [406] According to the Federal Reserve, the top 1% controlled 38.6% of the country's wealth in 2016. [501][502], The four major broadcasters in the U.S. are the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), American Broadcasting Company (ABC), and Fox Broadcasting Company (FOX). [88] Victory in the Mexican–American War resulted in the 1848 Mexican Cession of California and much of the present-day American Southwest, making the U.S. span the continent.[83][89]. [133], The United States often opposed Third World movements that it viewed as Soviet-sponsored and occasionally pursued direct action for regime change against left-wing governments, even occasionally supporting authoritarian right-wing regimes. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment. [294], The Senate has 100 members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one-third of Senate seats are up for election every two years. [275] As for public expenditures on higher education, the U.S. trails some other OECD (Organization for Cooperation and Development) nations but spends more per student than the OECD average, and more than all nations in combined public and private spending. [176], The United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest nation by total area (land and water), ranking behind Russia and Canada and nearly equal to China. The term "America" was seldom used in the United States before the 1890s, and rarely used by presidents before Theodore Roosevelt. [209], The U.S. Census Bureau officially estimated the country's population to be 328,239,523 as of July 1, 2019. By surface area, France is the biggest EU country and Malta the smallest. On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, prompting the United States to join the Allies against the Axis powers and, the following year, to intern about 120,000[119] U.S. residents (including American citizens) of Japanese descent. [323] It works closely with fellow NATO members on military and security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of American States and free trade agreements such as the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. The most populous country in Europe is Russia. [391][392], In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone. The four major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities.