Flying primarily in the fighter/interceptor role, US Navy F-4s downed 40 enemy aircraft to a loss of five of their own. Altering the design to make the new aircraft an all-weather fighter-bomber featuring 11 external hardpoints, McDonnell received a letter of intent for two prototypes, designated YAH-1, on October 18, 1954. Additionally, a "dogtooth" indentation was inserted in the wings to enhance control at higher angles of attack. In Vietnam, the ratio was closer to two to one (including other aircraft types besides the Phantom). The earliest versions of the Phantom came without internal cannons, which was common among the interceptors of … (U.S. Air Force photo) USN_VF-142_NK Not enough wing or thrust, recalls Jack Petry, a retired U.S. Air Force colonel. The Phantom was often armed with the AIM-7 Sparrow or AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. Meeting with the US Navy the following May, McDonnell was handed a new set of requirements calling for an all-weather fleet interceptor as the service had aircraft to fulfill the fighter and strike roles. With the US entry in the Vietnam War, the F-4 became one of the most identifiable aircraft of the conflict. He flew the F-4 Phantom for five years in the United States Air Force, including combat missions over South Vietnam, North Vietnam and Laos in 1972. Embroidered Patch - Patches for Women Man - Mcdonnell F-4 F-4G Phantom 1500 Flight Hours USAF Fighter Squadron Jacket. The F4H-1 Phantom II was originally designed for the U.S. Navy, and when it first emerged from McDonnell’s St. Louis factory—a big, heavy two-seater with its wingtips bent upward and its elevators splayed downward—it seemed to fly in the face of every lesson learned about fighters. Both aircraft were capable of speeds of at least Mach 2. A typical configuration for an F-4 in 1967 consisted of four AIM-7E and four AIM-9B air-to-air missiles, and eight 750-pound Mk 117 bombs. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Terence M. Murphy and his radar intercept officer, Ensign Ronald Fegan, downed a Chinese MiG-17. The F-105 held his own against the Migs but all things considered remained a bomber. The results of these alterations gave the XF4H-1 a distinctive look. Later that year, the XF4H-1 entered into competition with the single-seat Vought XF8U-3. Interestingly, though they were common adversaries, the appearances of the Phantom and the MiG-21 could scarcely have been more different. FREE Shipping. The Phantom held the edge with multiple missiles, often up to eight, while the MiG-21 carried only two. It is equipped with heat seeking missiles and napalm bombs. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. He has appeared on The History Channel as a featured expert. Aircraft: F-4 Phantom II Group Description Games featuring the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in a prominent role.-- from Air Conflicts: Vietnam - Ultimate Edition (2014) Limitations. Airmen load 20mm cannon rounds into an F-4C Phantom II gun pod at a base in South Vietnam in May 1967. The designer of the Demon, McDonnell began revising the aircraft in 1953, with the goal of improving performance and capabilities. The MiG-21 with a much smaller profile and more nimble appearance stretched just under 48 feet in length, and its wingspan was just under 24 feet. On May 27, 1958, the type made its maiden flight with Robert C. Little at the controls. USAF McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. One of each type was lost during the conflict, one to damage from ground fire and the other to an accident. Lacking a cannon, these fighters were often at a disadvantage in dogfights with the MiG-21 and other Soviet- and Chinese-manufactured fighter aircraft. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Celebrating 21 years of hobby news and reviews. Source are several like Joe Baugher, 366th TFW base data, Ejection History, 8th TFW base data, etc, etc. In 1967, USAF pilots began mounting external gun pods on their aircraft, however, the lack of a leading gunsight in the cockpit made them highly inaccurate. Vietnam. When NASA engineers were launching rockets at Floridas Cape Canaveral in the 1960s, they needed pilots to fly close enough to film the missiles as they accelerated through Mach 1 at 35,000 feet. Nations that have flown the aircraft include Israel, Great Britain, Australia, and Spain. An F-4 Phantom loaded with fuel tanks and four Sparrow missiles patrols the skies above Vietnam. Col. Robin Olds painting a victory star on the McDonnell F-4 "Phantom II" he was flying on May 4, 1967, when he shot down a MiG-21. The heavy F-4 was known for jet engines that produced a great deal of smoke, adding to the ease of identification at a distance due to its large size. F-4 phantom colors SEA Posted by urich on Sunday, August 5, 2012 10:11 AM I may have asked this question before if so sorry I"m getting old and I'm having to write things down any more to remember When these supersonic fighters met in combat, the skills of the individual pilots and sometimes sheer luck were often the deciding factors, and more than 40 years after the end of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War debate continues as to the accuracy of kill ratios and claims made by both the sides. This issue was addressed with the addition of an integrated 20 mm M61 Vulcan gun to the F-4E model in the late 1960s. Flying ground support missions, USMC F-4s claimed three kills while losing 75 aircraft, mostly to ground fire. The plane could carry over 12,000 pounds of ordnance. High quality F 4 Phantom gifts and merchandise. The Phantom Vietnam War: An F-4 Pilot's Combat over Laos (Volume 12) (North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series) Hardcover – October 1, 2018 by David R. "Buff" Honodel (Author) 4.6 out of 5 stars 19 ratings. But the Phantom’s record in air-to-air combat over Vietnam — especially when compared to its successor, the F-15 Eagle, which has never been shot down … And the preferred chase airplane was the McDonnell F-4 Phantom. In 1952, McDonnell Aircraft began internal studies to determine which service branch was most in need of a new aircraft. The F-4 Phantom interceptor is a large jet, with a carrying capacity of 18,000 pounds of weapons such as air-to-surface missiles, air-to-air missiles, and other bombs, on nine external hardpoints. Utilizing titanium in the airframe, the XF4H-1's all-weather capability was derived from the inclusion of the AN/APQ-50 radar. The big, burly Phantom weighed nearly 19 tons, while the MiG-21 weighed slightly less than 10 tons. 98. The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft. In exchange, USAF F-4s downed 107.5 enemy aircraft. $27.98 $ 27. of weapons on nine external hardpoints, including air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and most types of bombs. The agile MiG-21 was deadly in a turn, and its silhouette was difficult to acquire visually at any great distance. The MiG-21 was designed as a short-range interceptor, and the Phantom was a long-range aircraft. In laying out the XF4H-1, McDonnell placed the engines low in the fuselage similar to its earlier F-101 Voodoo and employed variable geometry ramps in the intakes to regulate airflow at supersonic speeds. FREE Shipping. Adopted by the USAF in 1963, their initial variant was dubbed the F-4C. Creating the "Superdemon," which could achieve Mach 1.97 and was powered by twin General Electric J79 engines, McDonnell also created an aircraft that was modular in that different cockpits and nose cones could be affixed to the fuselage depending on the desired mission. More than 5,000 of these heavy supersonic fighters were built, and hundreds continue to serve and even see combat in several air forces today. Home What's New Features & Reviews Model Kit Top Gun Subject & Color Refs Search About Us ... Return to the F-4 Phantom … F-4Cs and F-4Ds did not have an internal gun, while some were equipped with an external gun pod. Led by Preliminary Design Manager Dave Lewis, the team found that the US Navy would soon require a new attack aircraft to replace the F3H Demon. As the US Navy transitioned to the aircraft in the early 1960s, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara pushed to create a single fighter for all branches of the military. This provided an equivalent amount of thrust, without the telltale smoke trail. This issue was addressed with the Block 53 group of the F-4E which included smokeless J79-GE-17C (or -17E) engines. During the protracted air war in the skies over Vietnam, two fighter interceptor and air superiority planes emerged as the most prominent aircraft … In the 1970s, F-4Es began to be modified to the F-4G standard in order to make them suitable for the Air Force’s Wild Weasel mission. AeroMaster 48-333 - Air War Over Vietnam, Part IV Korat Phantoms 2 Price Canadian Dollars: $49.95 . After additional testing, the F-4 entered production and commenced carrier suitability trials in early 1960. By 1986, all F-4s had been retired from frontline units. Like the F-4, the MiG-23 was widely exported — and not just to Warsaw Pact militaries. The MiG-21 was typically armed with air-to-air missiles such as the AA-2 Atoll and a 23mm internal cannon. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. An additional 66 were lost to missiles and ground fire. The multipurpose fighter saw extensive combat duty during the Vietnam War, including serving as Major Gary L. Retterbush, the pilot of Finch 3, an F-4E Phantom II. Here is what happened. During operations, the F-4G played a key role in suppressing Iraqi air defenses, while the RF-4C collected valuable intelligence. the Navy kept using the F-8 because its Essex class carriers couldn't take the F-4. The final USAF F-4 was retired in 1996, however several are still in use as target drones. Mandatory Credi Jan 31, 2006; Houston, TX, USA; Southwest Airlines Capt. The F-4 saw extensive action during the Vietnam War. As the new aircraft was intended as an interceptor rather than a fighter, early models possessed nine external hardpoints for missiles and bombs, but no gun. Assessing the design, it ultimately passed as it was satisfied with the supersonic fighters already in development such as the Grumman F-11 Tiger and Vought F-8 Crusader. As the F-4 was initially intended as an interceptor, it was not equipped with a gun as planners believed that air-to-air combat at supersonic speeds would be fought exclusively with missiles. In addition, a photo-reconnaissance variant, the RF-4C, was used by four squadrons. According to Globalsecurity.org, the F-4 could carry four AIM-7 Sparrows, four AIM-9 Sidewinders, and the F-4E had an internal cannon. The Phantom remained in production from 1958 to 1981, with a total of 5,195 built, and was used by the U.S. military from 1960 to 1996, serving with the U.S. Air Force, Marine Corps, and the US Navy. Many pilots found ways to avoid producing the smoke by running one engine on afterburner and the other at reduced power. Here is the McDonnell Douglas F-4C/D/E/G Phantom II Southeast Asia Color Profile and Paint Guide. 09. Weapons and/or external tanks can be carried on nine external store stations. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. During the protracted air war in the skies over Vietnam, two fighter interceptor and air superiority planes emerged as the most prominent aircraft of their type. A Vietnam War veteran, Cisneros piloted F-4 Phantom jets off of the USS Saratoga on combat missions before joining the Blue Angels flight demonstration team. Early in production, the aircraft's radar was upgraded to the more powerful Westinghouse AN/APQ-72. During this time, the F-4 was retained in its Wild Weasel and reconnaissance role. If the aircraft only appears in a game but you can't fly it, the game should not be included in this group. During Vietnam, USAF F-4s fulfilled both air superiority and ground support roles. Another problem that frequently arose with the aircraft was the production of black smoke when the engines were run at military power. These two latter types, the F-4G Wild Weasel V and RF-4C, deployed to the Middle East in 1990, as part of Operation Desert Shield/Storm. An evolution of the F-8 Crusader, the Vought entry was defeated by the XF4H-1 as the US Navy preferred the latter's performance and that the workload was split between two crew members. And indeed at first the Crusader had better results against Migs than the Phantom. As F-105 Thunderchief losses grew, the F-4 carried more and more of the ground support burden and by the end of the war was the USAF's primary all-around aircraft. Following Vietnam, the F-4 remained the principal aircraft for both the US Navy and USAF. The MiG-21, identified as the Fishbed in NATO nomenclature, was a continuation of the MiG fighter series that originated in the late 1940s. To support this change in mission, specially equipped and trained F-4 Wild Weasel squadrons were formed with the first deploying in late 1972. Book 11 of 16: North Texas Military Biography and Memoir Series. The Phantom was 63 feet long with a wingspan of more than 38 feet. Through the 1970s and 1980s, the USAF transitioned to the F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon. Aug 16, 2020 - Explore James Lee's board "F-4 Phantom", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. Photo: Wikimedia. While many have since retired the F-4, the aircraft has been modernized and is still use (as of 2008) by Japan, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Iran, and South Korea. https://www.military.com/video/usmc-f-4-phantom-fighter-aces-vietnam-war Both the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force fielded the Phantom as its principal air superiority fighter. Early Phantoms deployed to Vietnam were armed only with missiles. The F-4’s primary problem was that it had no built-in cannon. $26.09 $ 26. by SEBASTIEN ROBLIN The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a legendary aircraft — an icon of the Vietnam War and the archetype of the third-generation jet fighter designs that entered service in the 1960s. During the Vietnam War, the USAF lost a total of 528 F-4s (of all types) to enemy action with the majority being down by anti-aircraft fire or surface-to-air missiles. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Phantom Vietnam War: An F … Adopted by the USAF in 1963, their initial variant was dubbed the F-4C. With the US entry in the Vietnam War, the F-4 became one of the most identifiable aircraft of the conflict. When these supersonic fighters met in combat, the skills of the individual pilots and sometimes sheer luck were often the deciding factors, and more than 40 years after the end of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War debate continues as to the accuracy of kill ratios and claims made by both the sides. This article by Michael Haskew originally appeared on Warfare History Network. Several of this jets were destroyed in Viet Cong mortar and rocket attacks at Da Nang AB, Bin Hoa AB or Tan Son Nhut. Following an F-4B's victory over the F-106 Delta Dart in Operation Highspeed, the US Air Force requested two of the aircraft, dubbing them the F-110A Spectre. The F-4's first air-to-air victory occurred the following April when Lieutenant (j.g.) This first appeared earlier in October 2019. Setting to work, McDonnell developed the XF4H-1 design. Petry was one of the chosen. They went up again the Soviet Union's best. US Navy F-4s flew their first combat sortie as part of Operation Pierce Arrow on August 5, 1964. Dubbed the Phantom II, the US Navy ordered two XF4H-1 test aircraft and five YF4H-1 pre-production fighters in July 1955.